Stop Electric Fishing

I heard about killing of fish through electric shocks but never saw it live.Today I observed this killing for the first time in Soan River near our new house.They are killing all sizes of fishes with the help of rods supplying electricity through Generator.I felt pity on small fishes and I requested them to leave these small fishes but they refused.

They allowed me to take photos but didn’t free the small creature of God.These people are from Swabi and electrical fishing is their hobby.They told me that this small long fish “BAALM” is quite expensive.

They were doing this near to main Islamabad highway.No one is stopping them despite of DHA on one side and River Garden on other side of a river.

Where is fishery department ? Why every one is free to do anything in our country according to their levels ?

Another ignored Issue:Census in Pakistan

In Pakistan, many issues need to solve at state level. Load shading, water supply shortage, lack of medical facilities, unemployment, education system, and many more. Census is primary element to solve these problems and to make better policies for the benefits of people in Pakistan. Census means to count up the population of a country and officially to keep the records of people living in the country including minority and foreigners.
Development of any country based on calculation of populations. Developed countries including Australia and America, census conducts after every five years. It is necessary to know that how many people live in each province or district. Numbers of adults, numbers of infant, numbers of senior citizen is count in census procedure. It also includes that how many children are going to school, numbers of family members and their profession, literate people, unemployed, numbers of hospitals and schools are there. Just like a family example, mother prepares food according to numbers of family members or arrangement of a formal dinner by listing the numbers of guests.

According to the constitution of Pakistan, Census should be conducted after every ten years but unfortunately this time census is not done for the last eighteen years as it should be held in 2008. Last census was held in 1998. The first census was conducted after four years of independence in 1951 then in 1961, 1972, 1981 and 1998. Census 1972 was delayed one year due to Bangladesh libration war, it had to actually hold in 1971. This time government decided to hold census in March 2016 but again it has been ignored and failed to come in process. Pakistan economic planning is not getting improved without census because without knowing the exact numbers of people, how could proper policies make? Policies that need earlier attention of government like jobs for unemployment, education for poor children, support for homeless people.

Why government is hesitate to conduct a census in Pakistan? According to analyst, government will again have to make new strategies after census result. However, provincial government suggested to conducting census on provincial level including Sindh and KPK Chief Ministers because fund distribution according to population among all four provinces is based upon Census. Another reason of not doing census is fund needs to hold a census. An estimate of 14.5 billion rupees is required to conduct a census, from which half of the amount (around 7.4 billion) will present to Pakistan Army to provide the security of Census. Resources say that government give priority to Nadra database as a substitute of Census that’s why every year it is getting late. Present government is not only responsible for its delay but previous government is also failed to complete the process of Census. All political parties, government and opposition are not agree on a single point for Census. Their views are conflict with each other.

Supreme Court has also taken suo moto notice. The court annoyed on government for not given the exact date of Population Census and also indicates that Election 2018 will not be possible if census is not done before it because there could be a chance of rigging in voting.

It is always happens in Pakistan that current government only give priority to its own province from which he selected. Government should take interest and do immediate implement in such a serious issue like other projects because it is necessary to give equal facilities to each person of nation and when everyone facilitate by government according to policies, there will be a less chance of corruption and crimes in our country.

Uzbekistan to join CPEC from gawader

ISLAMABAD –Prime Minister Pakistan Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif has proposed that pakistan with uzbekistan work together for making appropriate reforms in trade policies to facilitate trade, investment and free flow of goods and services between Pakistan and Uzbekistan. “Both countries need to formulate a joint integrated strategy to exploit the potential of trade in the region, especially in view of China- Pakistan Economic Corridor. We need to establish Pakistan-Uzbekistan Joint Business Council and revive the Joint Commission. Pakistan also awaits to see Uzbekistan joining CPEC’ and taking benefits from Gawadar port,”

Uzbekistan Deputy Prime Minister Ulugbek Rozikulov called on Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif at PM House today where both high ups agreed to exploit business and trade opportunities between the two countries.

Welcoming the visiting delegation to Pakistan, the Prime Minister expressed the confidence that the visit will contribute towards enhancing the bilateral relations between Pakistan and Uzbekistan. He also conveyed his heartiest felicitations to Shavkat Mirziyoyev on his election as the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Nawaz Sharif said that Pakistan cherished its close, friendly and fraternal relations with Uzbekistan as both the countries are bound by strong commonalities of history, faith and culture. “We wish to take our bilateral relations to new heights based on mutually beneficial cooperation. Pakistan is keen to further expand ties in all fields, particularly economic and energy cooperation, connectivity and human resource development,” said the premier.

He also emphasised that both the countries need to make efforts to enhance cooperation in the economic and commercial fields and fully exploit the huge potential for mutual trade. He said that Uzbekistan’s impressive annual economic growth and rich energy resources, and Pakistan’s large industrial and agricultural base provide an ideal environment for expansion of trade and commercial cooperation between the two countries.

He welcomed the concrete proposals from Uzbekistan for collaboration in the field of agricultural machinery, which are presently under consideration at the Ministry of Commerce and Ministry of National Food Security.

“On behalf of the people, Government and on my own behalf, I express our sincere condolence on the sad demise of late President Islam Karimov. The visionary leadership of President Islam Karimov had been a source of continuity, stability and strength for Uzbekistan,” concluded the Prime Minister.

Ulugbek Rozikulov thanked the Prime Minister for the warm welcome extended to the visiting delegation in Pakistan.  He said that all necessary steps would be taken to explore and exploit the huge business and trade opportunities between the two countries. The Deputy Prime Minister of Uzbekistan extended an invitation to the Prime Minister on behalf of Uzbek President to visit Uzbekistan. The Prime Minister accepted the invitation.


Certainly there is for you in them a good example. [Quran 60:06]

The lifesty le of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is the best example for each and every human being.

He is the best example of a religious leader.

He is the finest example of a state leader. He is the example to follow for those who enter the garden of divine love.

He is the highest example of gratitude and humility for those who are showered with the gifts of God.

He is the greatest example of patience and submission, in the most challenging times and places.

He is the best example of generosity and of disinterest in collecting bounty.
He is the finest example of compassion towards the family.

His is the greatest example of mercy towards the weak, the lonely and the enslaved, and he is exemplary in pardoning the guilty.

If you are wealthy, contemplate the humility and generosity of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), who gained the hearts of the leaders who controlled all of Arabia!

If you are weak, adopt the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him) during the period he spent in Mecca under the rule of the oppressive and usurping polytheists.

If you are a triumphant conqueror, take your example from the life of the courageous Prophet (peace be upon him) who defeated his enemies in Badr and Hunayn.

If you lose a battle, may Allah protect you; remember the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him) who walked with dignity, courage and reliance on Allah among his martyred and wounded companions after the battle of Uhud.

If you are a teacher, contemplate the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him) who taught God’s orders by conveying his soft and sensitive enlightenment to the people of Suffa (Ashab al-Suffa) in the school at his Mosque.

If you are a student, bring to mind the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him) who sat on his knees before the Archangel, the Trustworthy Gabriel (Jibril al-Amin).

If you are a preacher or a sincere spiritual guide (murshid) for people, listen to the voice of the Prophet (peace be upon him), who spread wisdom to his companions.

If you aim to defend the truth, to convey it to others and lift it up, yet have no helper in this matter, then look at the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him), who proclaimed the truth in Mecca against the oppressors while inviting them to it.

If you have defeated your enemies, broken their resistance and triumphed over them, if you have destroyed the superstitions and declared the truth, then bring to your mind the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him) on the day he conquered Mecca. He entered this holy city as a triumphant commander, yet with great humility, sitting on his camel as if he were in the state of sajdah; that is prostration before God, as an expression of gratitude to Allah.

If you are a farmer, take your example from the Prophet (peace be upon him), who, after conquering the lands of Bani Nadr, Khyabar and Fadak, chose skilled people to develop and manage these lands in the most productive way.

If you are lonely, with no relatives, bring to mind the example of the orphan of Abdullah and Aminah, their most beloved and only innocent son.

If you are an adolescent, pay attention to the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him) who, as a young man and candidate for prophethood, served in Mecca as a shepherd, tending the sheep of his uncle Abu Talib.

If you are a businessman and travel for trade, think about the experiences of the Most Honored Person, Muhammad (peace be upon him) while leading the caravan from Mecca to Busra in Syria.

If you are a judge or a referee, bring to mind his justice and foresight when he solved the conflict among the tribes of Mecca over who should have the prestige of putting back the Black Stone (Hagar al-Aswad), as they were on the verge of killing each other.

Again, turn your eyes to history and consider the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him) as he, in his masjid in Medina, treated equally the poor in distress and the wealthy, and as he judged between them with utmost fairness.

If you are a husband, look carefully at the pure life style, the compassion and the deep feelings of the Prophet (peace be upon him) as an exemplary husband. If you are a parent, learn about the example of the father of Fatimah al-Zahra, and study the manner of the grandfather of Hasan and Husayn.

Regardless of your qualities and the state in which you find yourself, day or night, you will find him as the most perfect role model, teacher and guide. He is so perfect a teacher that by following his example you can correct all your mistakes, eliminate chaos from your life and bring order to your life. Through his light and guidance, you can overcome the difficulties of life and attain real happiness. As a matter of fact, his life is a bouquet composed of the most rare and elegant flowers and roses with the finest of fragrances.

Banks in Pakistan need to enhance training

Banks operating in Pakistan need to enhance training and development activities of employees
Being a service industry, banks around the world strive to increase their portfolio of customers while retaining the existing. The advancement in technology has transformed the entire global industry with banking not being an exception. Perhaps that is the reason the whole market dynamics within the country changed as far as the financial service industry is concerned. From being a handful of banks operating in Pakistan in the 90’s, the figure rose to more than 45 banks operating in the country by 2015.

At present, though the discount rates have dropped significantly as compared to previous years, banks within the country continue to enhance their branch networks in search for lucrative propositions by acquiring the untapped market potential that still exists. This expansion in branch networks has led to various employment opportunities for fresh and experienced candidates since the past decade across the country. Hiring of resources is essential but if they are not trained to perform their respective jobs on a continuous basis, they (employees) will not be able to deliver quality service which is the epitome of success for the banking sector. Initial training has been provided to every employee in the industry, however like other industries across the country, banks tend to cut cost by limiting budgets for departments such as Training and Development.

A training department is deemed crucial for banks. It is they that will train and develop future leaders. The need for continuous training for bank employees has not gone unnoticed. In order to provide a continuous learning environment for the employees working within the banking sector of Pakistan, the central bank of the Pakistan namely (SBP) has advised banks to comply and focus upon TNA (training needs analysis) and the selection of an employee for a specific training program (via BPRD circular dated 30-09-2016). The next step for SBP is to monitor whether advised formulated strategy is being implemented by banks across the country. The BOD (board of Directors) of all banks have been requested to ensure meticulous compliance and follow up upon the matter. The aim is to acquire, develop and retain human capital (employees) and train them in accordance to the job requirements. Policies such as these will be lucrative for the employee, the employer and the economy as whole.

Danyal Salim Jilani is the student of MBA at Bahria University, Islamabad

Date Palm under the threat of Red Palm Weevil

Date Palm, the perennial fruit plant has been extensively cultivated globally. It is most instant source of energy due to higher concentration of carbohydrates in its fruit.

According to FAO report, Pakistan is the 6th largest producer and 4th largest exporter of dates in the world with annual production of around 535,000 tons. Sindh accounts the major date palm production 47.2% followed by Baluchistan 40.4%, Punjab 10.1% and NWFP only 0.3%. Per acre production of dates in our country is low as compare to its potential, due to unsustainable pest management, delays harvesting and poor harvesting practice. The list of top five date producing countries includes Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Iran, UAE and Pakistan by contributing over 60% of the global date production.

The tree of ancient times, Date Palm has ability to withstand under harsh conditions but now is at risk due to Red Palm Weevil (RPW). It is the most obnoxious pest of palms devastating up to 20-50% economic losses. It is geologically distributed in all countries of southern, western Asia, America, Africa and Middle East poses serious threat to date palm cultivation.

Due to its dramatic prevalence and severe infestation level, FAO has declared Red Palm Weevil (RPW) category-1 pest. Unfortunately date palm cultivation in Pakistan is at stake due presence of this detrimental pest. It is a voracious and most prophylactic insect with estimated multiplication capacity of a single female that may give birth to about five million weevils in four generations, within 14 months. Grubs are the most are damaging stage which remains confined within tree trunk, exploiting the stem vascular system resultantly lead to the tree collapse.

The following symptoms are caused by the red palm weevil on palm trees: (i) Tunnel formation on the trunk and base of leaf petiole; (ii) Oozing out of thick brownish fluid from the tunnels; (iii) Chewed up appearance of plant tissues, with fermented odor around the orifice of tunnels; (iv) Dried offshoot emerging from the leaf bases; (v) Chewing sounds of the grubs; (vi) Breaking of the trunk or toppling infestation and (vii) Fallen empty pupal cases. Several measures are used to annihilate this pest population below threshold level. Contrariwise the enigmatic and concealed nature of RPW has been proved a major constraint in management strategies.

Regrettably, pest monitoring and surveillance shows that date palm cultivations in Punjab and Sindh are severely suffering from RPW attack. Additionally, due to low price of date palm brought from Sakhar and Khairpur for ornamental purposes in cities/housing colonies are generally infested and lead to wide spread of RPW. Consequently these infested palms will serve as sanctuaries cause devastation of palm plantation in the province.

Our date palms cultivation is facing ravaging episodes of this notorious pest, so it is dire need of time for the government to take serious initiative to cope with this notorious insect pest and to declare it as a Quarantine Pest. Immediately, the purchase of the palms from Sindh and KPK should be strictly monitored to ensure the entry of infestation free palms. Extension department of Agriculture sector should map out the strategies to aware date palm cultivating community about the infestation and control plans of RPW. Furthermore, the detailed survey of date palm growing districts should be carried out to determine the level of damage and estimate the population of RPW. Additionally, the Task Force including scientists and experts should be constituted at government level to manage this insect pest and to save the date palms in this region.

To curb honor killing is still a long way to go 

Honor killings in Pakistan have increase to an acme in recent years or might be there is a media climb on coverage for the issue that lead to highlighted the issue and ultimately taking some concrete actions from state to curb the crime in Pakistani society.




In July 2016, days after the ‘honour’ killing of social media celebrity Qandeel Baloch, a committee comprising lawmakers from both the lower and upper houses of parliament unanimously approved two bills aimed at tackling ‘honour’ killings and boosting rape convictions. A joint session of the Parliament unanimously approved anti-honour killing and anti-rape bills moved by PPP Senator Farhatullah Babar on 6 October 2016. Some 500 women are killed each year in Pakistan at the hands of family members over alleged damage to ‘honour’ that can involve eloping, fraternizing with men or any other infraction against conservative and so-called conventional  values that govern women’s humility. In a majority of cases, the victim is a woman and the killer is a relative who escape punishment by seeking forgiveness for the crime from family members. The legislation on honour killings will introduce strict punishment for the convicts making it tougher than the ordinary murder cases. Under the new law relatives of the victim would only be able to pardon the killer if he is sentenced to capital punishment. However, the culprit would still face a mandatory life sentence of twelve-and-a-half years.






The perpetrators of honour killings – in which the victim, normally a woman, is killed by a relative – often, walk free because they can seek forgiveness for the crime from another family member. Rape conviction rates meanwhile are close to zero per cent, largely due to the law’s reliance on circumstantial evidence and a lack of forensic testing. A 2005 amendment to the law pertaining to ‘honour’ killings prevented men who kill female relatives pardoning themselves as an “heir” of the victim. But punishment was left to a judge’s discretion when other relatives of the victim forgive the killer – a loophole which critics say is exploited. The law minister had earlier said, “We have plugged all loopholes in the anti-honour killing legislation.”






A milestone has been achieved after completion of the legislation against the crime but despite all of this the law still has a long way to go before it will have a tangible impact on the Pakistani society so as there is a certain gap between the law and reality..! As Pakistani society is complex within its behavior, contextual approach, religious fundamentalism, myths and customs. there is also  a lack of law enforcement, a weak criminal justice system, lack of political will and lack of public pressure that defiantly make hurdle for smooth transaction and implementation of the law to the level of oppressed section of society at grass root level.







Honor killings have always been a bane for Pakistan, but the bill is still a “first step” we need to have implementation at all level , the time is now as people have recently more expressive and intolerant against the honour killing. Qandeel Baloch’s murder case could be a test case to be judging according to this newly formulated law. The high profile case will be set an example and will act as a restriction for honour killing.





Will we motivate enough as a nation to end this crime against women and eventually law enforcement segment would able to address the challenge of implication coming fourth?


The author is an advocate for women’s rights, social activist, multi media journalist & development entrepreneur and can be reached at [email protected].She tweets @samreen_ideas


Violence against women in Pakistani society

Now violence against women is well recognized as a human rights and public health problem. It is one of the most perceptive violations of human rights in the world; one of the slightest prosecuted crimes, and one of the greatest menaces to long-lasting peace and development. It is a crucial factor for women’s ill health, both physical and mental health.




In Pakistan women live in a strict religious, social and cultural structure, family and tribal customs which are fundamentally force them to live in meekness and overall fear. In a Islamic nation where Islamic laws prescribes traditional family values and is entangled in the legal system, Pakistan’s Government, society and law make a distinction against women and close the eyes to gender- based violence.




Under the international law Pakistan has yet to amalgamate many of the Women’s Convention’s to promote women’s rights includes campaign called 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violence that terminates on Human Rights Day.





Pakistani society encompasses religious and cultural norms towards women which are subjected to inequity, violence and fierceness on daily bases. The interpretation of Islam in Pakistan views women as needing protection, basically which results in their repression physically, mentally, and emotionally.





In the homes Gender-based violence impacts on the social, mental and physical growth of children, violence at workplace cut back the efficiency and output of the women, and all forms of women violence thwart them from chip in their contribution to the economy and services.





Besides the visible violence some instances of invisible violence are greater in number and cause greater havoc. Including destruction of girl’s schools, denial of jobs on merit and equal pay for equal work, child marriage; restriction on women’s mobility; preventing girls from getting education; forced marriage and tendering of girls to resolve feuds (winne) are common examples of non-visible violence.






Women are likely to live in “char Divari” literally mean “the four walls of the house”.  Patriarchy system embraces the Pakistani society in which all the powers in the hands of men, in which he is decision maker in all matters including marriage and divorce as well.






According to the report by Human rights Commission of Pakistan (2015), the numbers of women that have been victim of sexual violence, 143 attacked with acid or were set on fire, 279 of domestic violence and 833 women kidnapped. 777 women had committed or tried to commit suicide. The data of HRCP also recorded 987 cases of honor killing with female victims.1,974 in the age groups of 11-14 became the victim of child abuse in 2015.





Male supremacy and co modification make liable women to violence and furiousness on daily basis in Pakistan. Near about seventy percent to ninety percent (70%-90%) of Pakistani women are victim to domestic violence. Spousal abuse including marital rape, honor killing, being burned by in-laws for dowry, acid attacks and rape/gang rape are typical violent acts. The number of women assassination has gone up for giving birth to a girl. Few days ago a man has reported to thrown acid on his wife’s face for delivering a baby girl. In Pakistan, rape happens every two hours with one in every, 12,500 women being victims of rape. A non official count 5,151 women have become victim of violence in the region of Punjab alone during few recently passed years– among them 774 killed, 427 driven to suicide ,217 were killed on the name of honor, 706 raped and 1,569 abducted that is truly alarming.





As our society is reactionary society which has a consideration that woman’s actions reflects upon the honor of a family especially the honor of a man, that’s why women are likely to be killed in the name of honor. Therefore, to restore their honor they must killed a woman or girl on the name of honor, especially male member deem to be the action as “dishonorable” and the decision is taken by her family and tribe. Many women have been killed due to unsubstantiated rumour that has been spread over the society or community. Many men are less likely to give the benefit of the doubt to women, or hassle to find out her of the side story. Most of the young girls are killed because of the mere accusation of having sexual intercourse before marriage, and have been determine to be virgins during autopsy.





In Pakistan this senseless violence is irrupting to women. Although the patriarchal, cultural and social and tribal traditions exacerbate violence against women. Ultimately to protect women from this kind of violence’s is the responsibility of Government of Pakistan and to prosecute those offenders, wrongdoers and convicts who commit these atrocious heinousness’s. Government should be answerable for the accountability of these atrocities.





Regrettably, in Pakistan the matter of violence against women still treated largely in terms of the losses and sufferings caused to the sufferer or victim and their families instead as the losses to the community.






Government and civil society both should be work on realistic initiatives for women’s empowerment not to be content with lamenting the extent of violence against women.





It should be ensure to give equal opportunity of education, health, economic rights and freedom of decision-making and as well as freedom of choice to the women. So long, there should be the need of social revolution, which do not realize by state or society yet to demolition of feudal tyranny and patriarchal structure of our Pakistani society.



Role of Bureaucracy in the implementation of C-PEC 

C-PEC is one branch of $50 billion for Pakistan from the nearly one trillion dollars ‘investment tree’. It’s all due to China’s investment-friendly philosophy. Fortunately, this came as the privileged bounty for Pakistan due to the latter geostrategic location and time tested Pak-China friendship.




The supporting stance of Pakistani military and civilian bureaucracy regarding C-PEC is a source for boosting Pakistan’s economy. It can acts as a game changer for the new emerging markets, which bear sizeable for investments and trade.





The role of bureaucracy in Pakistan is somewhat complex. Most of the government’s decisions and resolutions depend upon and are implemented by different bureaucracy’s layers. Policy success depends on efficiency, capacity, and capability of these tires of bureaucracy as protector of state interests.





It is imperative to highlight the main discord areas between C-PEC and multilayer bureaucracies of Pakistan. They are as follows:




1. The debate is on centralized bureaucratic structures, administration and policy making on C-PEC.




2. Security of C-PEC route.



3. The politics of “exclusive control” over C-PEC.



4. “The Punjab Centric” accusation.






5. Lack of clear lines of responsibilities and co-ordination among different ministries. 6. Not meeting the time schedule.





Some measures should be taken by the bureaucracies in the successful implementation of C-PEC. Firstly, there is an acute need to find concrete steps to shed trust deficit among provinces of Pakistan and bureaucratic infighting. There should be correction in national narrative of Pakistan.







Sadly, corruption is one of the main cause of which Pakistan’s suffering badly, and the recent gift from China of C-PEC is also bearing the ill effects. As regards C-PEC bureaucracies of Pakistan and China should work out plans to execute together. As road projects are concerned, Pakistan has consulted firms in public sector which will supervise the construction projects efficiently. WAPDA is suitable for consultancy of power projects. Therefore there is requirement of many technocrats and specialists to supervise the C-PEC project. If bureaucracies of China and Pakistan work jointly all phase of completion of project will work in time and resources.






Without an iota of doubt, Indian as well as externally sponsored terrorism is presently distorted narrative of Pakistan. Terrorist activities are now as strategic choice for eliminating Pakistan. Therefore there is an urgent need for healthy engagement with all neighbors. Pakistan has to settle issues with Afghanistan and Iran.






Emphases should be to create and establish Pakistanis own new industries. A viable industrial development strategy is a prerequisite for economic growth. It is imperative that strategies are evolved that involve appropriate industrial policies as otherwise CPEC will just be a ‘transit’ route with no added benefits to Pakistan.





Bureaucracy has to play its vital role in the implementation of each and every stage of small or mega projects; i.e on the completion of any project, results should be communicated timely. Further, healthy engagement of common people, especially the Blochi youth is essential. Utilization of local people’s talent will add boost to the C-PEC projects. Training them in latest technology would create employment and wean them away from frustration and violence.






As the bureaucratic structure in Pakistan is complex and prone to corruption therefore, frequent inspection of different inception of different projects by the Chinese is essential for successful implementation. Explicit demarcation of job, authority and responsibility with no hazy roles will make the C-PEC successful.





The role of media cannot be ignored in the age of technology. Media, either electronic or print, has to play its responsible role. Knowledge or introduction of any project’s inauguration to the common people for jobs generation should be media transmitted in a positive manner.  Avoiding sensationalism and overly negative outlook towards C-PEC projects would tends to jeopardize or delay the projects and create mistrust between Pakistan and China.






CPEC is the culmination of Chinese and Pakistan for major investment. It benefits both countries national interest but this cannot be achieved without consensus among major political, otherwise precise will be wasted. Each level of bureaucracy in Pakistan should be concerned about their specific task and its implementation rather than have an eye on others or to consider one better or belittle others. There should, in addition, proper checks and balances to restrain the unbridled power of bureaucracies.





Last but not least, the government should exert its authority and play its role as effective cleansing the bureaucratic politics of C-PEC. Abbas Nasir suggests that, “the government should convince Balochistan and KP that the ‘P’ in CPEC stands for Pakistan and not for a province that forms the PML-N’s power base.” If this is done, C-PEC would be an epitome of Pak-China friendship and a real “game changer” for the region, ushering peace, progress and prosperity.


The Author is  Lecturer, International Relations Department, Faculty of Social Sciences

National University of Modern Languages NUML, Islamabad, Pakistan and can be reached at [email protected]


There are times, when in conflicts, established hierarchy betrays, reverses or inverts itself, the place or the binary distinction breaks down, while locating the moments of rupture caused by blunt trauma, torture, oppression and heebie-jeebies. This is not to permanently invert the edifice of hierarchy and lend legitimacy, but to expose the arbitrary or constructed narrative and nature of that hierarchy i.e. isolating the established hierarchy. When the seemingly dependent entity turns out to be foundational for the dominant entity, it finds subservient installation is the ground on which the dominant entity stands. Philosophically, this is the trichotomy (India – Indian establishment in Kashmir – People resistance group) that plays it out in the battlefield and also represents the present ontology of conflict state in Indian Occupied Kashmir.

India by virtue of its Machiavellian political structure has used her brains as evil genius to distort the history of Kashmir and terming it as its integral on a confounding anabasis of instrument of accession. From jugular vein to integral part lies an unending thirst of territorial expansionism and rising tide of fanatical Hindutva fascism. India manages Kashmir conflict shrewdly on international forums by referring it as a bilateral dispute between India and Pakistan and at home terms it as an internal matter, hence feeding kashmiris as “peaceful people, egregiously exploited by fringe religious fanatics, sponsored by arch enemy Pakistan to rebel against India” to common Indian masses with the help of fourth estate jingoistic media. In case of Kashmir, India media has rendered government’s role in New Delhi as second fiddle and constructs narratives and manufactures consent ad libitum. Since nationalism and patriotism debates have taken new heights under BJP lead India with purchase footing in neo-liberal economic policies and growing ambitions for membership in nuclear supplier group, Indian media follows a strict, systemic and conniving pattern of total blackout on current unrest in Kashmir while the government’s official maxim remains iron hand in a velvet glove.

The Kashmir Conflict is murky and baleful, once considered as heavenly serenity now turned as war-zone by India with express support of some kashmiri opportunists (commonly known in Kashmir as Indian stooges), which concentrically circles around blinding, maiming, intimidating, injuring and killing of common civilians in Kashmir en masse; seemingly simplistic but a dangerous endeavor, testified by history. However, paucity of space doesn’t allow me to invoke the history of this sanguinary conflict but I will logocentrically analyze the metaphors of pain and resistance, which have manifested in new forms with the passage of time, leaving India and its stooges buttoned up.

Kashmir has been a victim of state terrorism and violence and always been at the receiving end from India ever since Indian soldiers landed in the valley, in the form of massacres at places like Gawkadal, Khanyar, Tengpora, Zakura, kishtwar, Bijbehara, Doda, Wandhama, Hawal, Sopore, Aloosa, Kupwara, et`al. If one tries to locate the radius of these places on political map of Jammu and Kashmir, a gory image of a river filled with blood appears. Since these massacres were carried out by Indian soldiers in a conflict zone, included all those methods deemed by internal conventions as war crimes but the draconian Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) and other allied lawless laws, provides immunity to these soldiers and hence can’t be tried in any civilian court and this dispensation keeps on committing such heinous and horrendous war crimes at their will, at the behest of Indian government in New Delhi under the garb of farce Counter Insurgency( COIN).

However, after the People’s Democratic Party (PDP), the brainchild of Indian security corridors, was at helm of affairs in 2002, there was a “perceived” shift from armed to non-violent resistance in Indian camps. The PDP structure was created by Indian espionages in such a manner that it was portrayed to masses in Kashmir as “soft separatists with self rule as agenda” in order to annihilate the “Hurriyat Conference” (amalgamation of pro-resistance parties) which works for right to self-determination of kashmiris in accordance with the aspirations of kashmiris as mentioned in UN resolutions on Kashmir. The dictum was clear for PDP “behave like a normal party in a normal state”. To get a grip on things and have a say in entirety, PDP started having meetings with journalists, ex-militants, political renegades and other bureaucrats. It started showing concerns for state excesses, extra-judicial killings, demanding release of political prisoners, dialogue with Hurriyat conference. It would vehemently critique government of India approaches towards Kashmir and ask for implementation of UN resolutions on Kashmir but the real and ugly face of PDP was only to be disclosed later in 2014, when it entered into coalition with Indian right wing Hindu fascist party BJP to form government in the valley and now seems curtains for the party in valley.

Although the elections in Kashmir continued to be held under the covert overture of barrel and client regimes kept on changing but what never changed was the “longing for freedom (Azaadi) and an iron will of kashmiris to die for it”. Armed rebellion never crossed the Styx in kashmir, despite the fact that India kept on dispatching its armed contingencies to valley, approximately figuring 7 lakh, which ratio proportionately implies: for every nine kashmiris, there is a one Indian armed soldier. Security establishments in their grandeur of delusion and a sense of mental fragmentation fed by hindutva pride, approached Kashmir conflict parochially in terms of status quo,
development and demographic transmogrification in a bizarre and grotesque manner, only to boomerang later.

The rebels and pro- resistance leadership desperately needed to buy and kill the time and period between 2002-16 essentially served as capitalization time (sic) with the spirit of age and in the face of the occupier. The popular armed uprising of 1990’s was almost cut to size brutishly and ruthlessly by Indian armed and paramilitary forces, which involved the sadistic and austere murder of unarmed 1800 activists of Jamaat e Islami as well. Rebels and pro-resistance camp had lost the grip on things between 1997-2005, because of fear factor created by trunk headed Indian security cohorts across the length and breadth of the state. The benign, compassionate and thoughtful nudge was needed to recreate the moments and fervor of social legitimacy, whereby violent and non-violent ways of resistance are akin to bread and butter of common kashmiri masses and to a greater extent have been successful in this ploy. Still, cadre and institution building is needed, which can essentially act as buffer when the resistance is to be streamlined in future. They hurriyat conference is caught in a catch twenty two and to my optimism, if they do they are damned and if they don’t they are doomed.

[pullquote]Globalization of Resistance and the Rise of New Rebellion


As Indian legal luminary, AG Noorani says “it’s not a revolt but a revolution”, the present generation has shouldered the responsibility of carrying the charge of light brigade in a new direction. These young boys and girls were raised and nourished in the lap and under the shades of crackdowns, curfews, mass rapes, disappearances, custodial killings, judicial murders, intimidation, humiliation, subjugation, oppression and worst of all under “Occupation”. With the advent of social media, online newsletters, tabloids and other platforms, the simmering outrage of Kashmiri’s is visible on these platforms and in a great deal has helped them to destroy the façade and mantilla and breaking the impasse of fear created by security and political renegades in valley. The metaphors of pain and resistance have made them politically mature and intellectually sound, as put aptly and fearlessly in a column by a budding kashmiri scholar Umair Gul “A cliché as it may seem –Resistance cant be decorated bouquet of flowers when occupation is an ugly volley of bullets and pellets. The fact that occupation is multi-faceted, resistance can’t afford a monotonous luxurious response. This is war and documenting, historicizing and language building are just secondary exercises that complement actual fighting. War of positioning and war of manoeuvre are indeed two fronts, while mere positioning will yield little but strengthen an armed occupation, manoeuvring is primarily important. Since the armed phase of resistance and before that people have rendered innumerable sacrifices. In fact the struggle has been irrigated by the blood of martyrs and rightly so. Mothers haven’t stopped showering flowers on coffins of martyrs. Teary adieu funerals are symbolic pledges in support of continuing to offer sacrifices and are enough to debunk the argument of fatigue and non-readiness to offer blood”. There are countless examples like this which reflect the changed mindset of how kashmiri people approach the conflict and build narratives on logo centrism.

The last 15 years saw an uneasy calm in valley, disorderly ordered climate of violence and non- violence resistance. Bout of fear of persecution and intimidation, parents started sending their kids out of valley to study, which, through shared experiences and knowledge lead to the transformation of perceptions and created a bond of solidarity, unknown before in conflict ridden history of Kashmir. The Kashmiri Diaspora started relating to situations in valley more actively through books, blogs, music, art etc. This has created a sense of belongingness and now people have started to reason Kashmir globally in the forms of seminars, conferences, workshops, concerts, where alternatives are searched for and haughty heap of Indian betrayal and lies are unveiled, hence blossoming from bottom to top.

Back in Kashmir, security establishments continued to stifle the dissent through crackdown on student activists and ex-rebels, hurling choicest abuses on folklore and intimidating them, so as to make them succumb to their authority and occupational rule. This didn’t get down well with the masses as it annihilated them emotionally and physically and resulted in deep alienation with India i.e. sentiments turned from anti India to hate India. The psi-ops and warfare pedagogy used by India pushed young Kashmiri’s to the wall and new indigenous brigade of well learned armed rebels sprouted from the very dungeons of valley, who allied with the residues of 90’s and a dawn of new guerrillas embarked the crimsoned canvass. One should try to draw parallels between “rampant corruption and spending in Indian army and pushing Kashmiri’s to the wall, denying them the legitimate space other than arms” as reflected in the book “blood on my hands: confessions of staged encounters”. These valorous rebels were loved, respected, cherished, blessed, and sheltered by the natives, the manifestation of which was only to be seen later in the funeral processions of top rebel commanders “Abu Qasim and Burhan Wani”.

Burhan, a tech geek, had a new sense of intent and purpose and stroked a chord of harmony, honor and self esteem with the people of valley by posting the pictures and videos of his associates, navigating through the valleys of heart and mind and welcoming Kashmiri pundits to valley and assuring the safety of Hindu pilgrims to amaranth cave, attracted everyone in and outside Kashmir towards burhan in particular and new rebellion in general. He got what he aspired for, his martyrdom broke the shackles of fear and replaced it with sense of honor and integrity in the heart of every Kashmiri, basically a super operative, who had dedicated his life for the sublime cause and Indian security forces in the Burhan aftermath have retaliated by killing over 100, injuring 15000, blinded 400, arrested 5000.

Kashmir is witnessing a surge in hate India moments for the past four months and it’s likely going to continue despite the harsh winter and may also witness some fatigue but it will definitely spiral in the form of new uprisings, which all will pay homage and will be part of this new revolution. The longer India holds onto this territory, the more blood will be spilled not only in valley but in India, because Kashmir revolution is trending in other parts of India as well: sooner the wiser, Burhan was not the first and will never be the last.

[pullquote](Shahid Lone is a doctoral candidate in political economy at Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. He hails from Kashmir and his columns have featured in various international newspapers and magazines. He can be reached at [email protected].